Global Arrays functions center around distributed, two-dimensional arrays of numbers. While the programmer can control the distribution, Global Arrays functions operate transparently it.
Most Global Arrays functions operate on patches of 2-D arrays. A patch is a 2-D subarray indexed by an upper-left coordinate (ilo,jlo) and a lower-right coordinate (ihi,jhi).(21) For example, to access the right half of a 100-by-100 Fortran array, the patch would be specified with the parameters ilo=50, jlo=1, ihi=100, jhi=100. The size of a patch can range from one element up to the entire array. Global Arrays functions access patches with put/get semantics; there is no notion of a "sender" or "receiver" process.
Global Arrays functions fit into one of three main categories:
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